Wages, productivity and international trade in Greece

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Καραμπίνη, Βιολέτα
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During recent years, studies using data for plants, try to demonstrate that exporters differ from non-exporters within the same industry in terms of productivity and wages. Much empirical evidence indicates exporting producers have higher productivity than non-exporters and thus pay higher wages but the mechanism that generates this is not as clear. This dissertation presents empirical tests with Greek firm-level data in 2008-2013 to study the linkages between labor productivity and the choice to participate in export market. One view tested is that exporters acquire knowledge of new designs; production methods by openness and this learning results in higher productivity for exporters relative to those firms serve the domestic market. Known as learning- by-exporting hypothesis. Here, premia ranges from 23,6% to 52,9%. Alternatively, being highly productive may reflect efficient firm’s choice to be producer into a highly competitive export market. Known as self-selection hypothesis.
Export status, Greek plants, Labor productivity, Wages, Learning-by-exporting, Self-selection