DSpace Collection:
http://hdl.handle.net/10889/1353
Wed, 06 Jan 2021 00:09:15 GMT2021-01-06T00:09:15ZApplication of the method of quantifier elimination to the determination of intervals when the uncertain parameters satisfy an ellipsoidal inequality constraint
http://hdl.handle.net/10889/14403
Title: Application of the method of quantifier elimination to the determination of intervals when the uncertain parameters satisfy an ellipsoidal inequality constraint
Authors: Ioakimidis, Nikolaos
Abstract: Quite frequently, problems that appear in applied mechanics should be solved under uncertainty conditions. Among the related non-probabilistic methods that based on interval analysis constitutes a very popular model. Here we consider another popular model: that based on an ellipsoidal inequality constraint among the uncertain parameters. This is the so-called ellipsoidal convex model. Generalized ellipsoidal convex models are also frequently adopted. Here the aim is to use the interesting computational method of quantifier elimination for the solution of such an uncertainty problem generally for the determination of the intervals of the responses of the system under consideration of course under the restriction that the total number of variables and the degrees of the polynomials involved are small. The present approach is applied to the problems of (i) a three-parametric cubic equation with respect to its real root, (ii) a two-storey shear frame building with non-linear stiffness, (iii) a three-member truss (with the adoption of several uncertainty models), (iv) a simple structural mechanics problem with symbolic intervals, (v) the correlation propagation in a system involving three uncertain parameters and (vi) a problem with a complicated uncertainty region for the uncertain parameters. The alternative, but essentially not so different, approach based on minimization and maximization is also considered in brief. The present results show us that the method of quantifier elimination can be successfully applied to simple systems with uncertain parameters satisfying an inequality constraint (such as an ellipsoidal constraint) and provide us the exact intervals of the responses of the system or even the exact regions showing their correlations.http://hdl.handle.net/10889/14403Generalized interval-based polynomial approximations to functions in applied mechanics by using the method of quantifier elimination
http://hdl.handle.net/10889/14145
Title: Generalized interval-based polynomial approximations to functions in applied mechanics by using the method of quantifier elimination
Authors: Ioakimidis, Nikolaos
Abstract: The method of quantifier elimination constitutes an interesting computational approach in computer algebra already implemented in few computer algebra systems. In applied mechanics, this method was already used for the determination of ranges of functions. Here the application of the same method, quantifier elimination, is generalized to the determination of generalized interval-based polynomial approximations to functions again in applied mechanics. The main idea behind the present application is the use of linear interval enclosures for the approximation to functions and, more generally, the use of parameterized solutions to parametric interval systems of linear algebraic equations. This idea is mainly due to Lubomir V. Kolev. Here the present method is at first applied to two simple examples concerning (i) a rational function and (ii) the exponential function with their variables lying in intervals. Next, the same method is also applied to functions in applied-mechanics problems with variables also lying in intervals: (i) the problem of a beam on a Winkler elastic foundation with related function the dimensionless deflection of the beam, (ii) the problem of free vibrations of an oscillator with critical damping with related function the dimensionless displacement of the oscillator and (iii) the problem of a seven-member truss with related functions the nodal displacements. In this application, the stiffness of a bar is an uncertain, interval variable and, moreover, the classical perturbation method is also used. From the present results it is concluded that the method of quantifier elimination constitutes a useful tool for the derivation of simple parameterized interval-based polynomial approximations to functions in applied mechanics.http://hdl.handle.net/10889/14145Quantifier-elimination-based interval computations in beam problems studied by using the approximate methods of finite differences and of finite elements
http://hdl.handle.net/10889/13518
Title: Quantifier-elimination-based interval computations in beam problems studied by using the approximate methods of finite differences and of finite elements
Authors: Ioakimidis, Nikolaos
Abstract: The rather recent interesting computational method of quantifier elimination already implemented in four computer algebra systems has been already used in many problems of engineering interest including several problems of applied and computational mechanics. Among the previous applications of interest here is mainly the problem of a beam with parametric inequality constraints and under the presence of a loading parameter. This problem was solved by the popular methods (i) of finite differences and (ii) of finite elements in combination with the method of quantifier elimination. Here the same approach is generalized to the case where the loading parameter belongs to an interval. The methods (i) of finite differences and (ii) of finite elements are used again (leading to parametric systems of linear equations) with the computation of the approximate intervals concerning (i) the dimensionless deflection, (ii) the rotation and (iii) the dimensionless bending moment on the whole beam computed on the basis of their values at the nodes used on the beam. In the application of the finite difference method both (i) the purely existential case and (ii) a mixed universalâ€“existential case are considered evidently with respect to the interval loading parameter. The REDLOG computer logic package of the REDUCE computer algebra system has been used again in the present interval computations and the excellent convergence of the obtained approximate intervals computed with the finite difference method is observed. In the purely existential case, up to 3072 intervals on the beam have been successfully used and this is an extremely satisfactory situation in quantifier elimination because it concerns a total number of 3076 variables.http://hdl.handle.net/10889/13518Determination of intervals in systems of parametric interval linear equilibrium equations in applied mechanics with the method of quantifier elimination
http://hdl.handle.net/10889/13297
Title: Determination of intervals in systems of parametric interval linear equilibrium equations in applied mechanics with the method of quantifier elimination
Authors: Ioakimidis, Nikolaos
Abstract: The method of quantifier elimination is an interesting computational tool in computer algebra with many practical applications including problems of applied mechanics. Recently, this method was used in applied mechanics problems with uncertain parameters varying in known intervals (interval parameters) including systems of parametric interval linear equilibrium equations, direct and inverse problems and the computation of resultants of interval forces. Here the case of systems of parametric interval linear equilibrium equations is further considered by using related quantified formulae including not only the existential quantifier (as is the case with the united solution set of such a system), but also both the universal and the existential quantifiers in the quantified formula (a more general case) with respect to the parameters of the problem including the external loads applied to the mechanical system. Two problems of applied mechanics related to systems of parametric interval linear equilibrium equations are studied in detail: (i) the problem of a simply-supported truss with two external loads recently studied under uncertainty (interval) conditions by E. D. Popova and (ii) the problem of a clamped bar with a gap subjected to a concentrated load recently studied again under uncertainty (interval) conditions by E. D. Popova and I. Elishakoff. Here, in both these problems, by using the method of quantifier elimination both (i) complete solution sets for the unknown quantities (here mainly reactions) and (ii) separate intervals for each unknown quantity are computed on the basis of related quantified formulae. The present results are compared to the results obtained by E. D. Popova and I. Elishakoff on the basis of both the classical interval model and the new algebraic interval model, the latter recently proposed by E. D. Popova.http://hdl.handle.net/10889/13297