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Title: Measuring environmental efficiency and technology gaps of European industries
Other Titles: Μέτρηση περιβαλλοντικής αποδοτικότητας και τεχνολογικού χάσματος στις ευρωπαϊκές επιχειρήσεις
Authors: Πανίτσας, Ηλίας
Keywords: Environmental efficiency
Technological gap
Keywords (translated): Περιβαλλοντική αποδοτικότητα
Τεχνολογικό χάσμα
Abstract: The role of Environmental Efficiency (EE) is an important and crucial issue in the policy agenda and therefore it is vital to have an accurate assessment of environmental performance. In order to assess the impact of industrial / country carbon emissions, we use a Directional Distance Function (DDF) for assessing environmental performance. In addition, we propose a relatively new indicator in the bibliography called the ”Envi- ronmental Performance Gap” for adverse effects and its measurement using data from 17 European countries and 13 industries for the period 1999-2006, without ignoring the presence of a common technology for all sectors / countries. Thus, taking into account the underlying heterogeneity, in this report we adopt a non-parametric metafrontier to assess the efficiency of carbon dioxide. The proposed efficiency ratings are estimated on the assumption that two hierarchies (one for the countries and one for the industries) are dominated. Our empirical assessments show that the environmental performance of Euro- pean countries / industries seems to have separate champions and backsliders. Relying on empirical results, the high yield of low dispersed Environmental Efficiency Technological Gaps (EETG) have been detected independently of the imposed hierarchy.
Abstract (translated): --
Appears in Collections:Τμήμα Οικονομικών Επιστημών (ΜΔΕ)

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