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dc.contributor.authorΚόνιαρη, Ιωάννα-
dc.contributor.authorΑποστολάκης, Ευστράτιος-
dc.contributor.authorΡογκάκου, Χριστίνα-
dc.contributor.authorΜπαϊκούσης, Νικόλαος-
dc.contributor.authorΔουγένης, Δημήτριος-
dc.contributor.otherKoniari, Ioanna-
dc.contributor.otherApostolakis, Efstratios-
dc.contributor.otherRogkakou, Christina-
dc.contributor.otherBaikoussis, Nikolaos G-
dc.contributor.otherDougenis, Dimitrios-
dc.description.abstractAtrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia occurring after cardiac surgery. Its incidence varies depending on type of surgery. Postoperative AF may cause hemodynamic deterioration, predispose to stroke and increase mortality. Effective treatment for prophylaxis of postoperative AF is vital as reduces hospitalization and overall morbidity. Beta - blockers, have been proved to prevent effectively atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery and should be routinely used if there are no contraindications. Sotalol may be more effective than standard b-blockers for the prevention of AF without causing an excess of side effects. Amiodarone is useful when beta-blocker therapy is not possible or as additional prophylaxis in high risk patients. Other agents such as magnesium, calcium channels blocker or non-antiarrhythmic drugs as glycose-insulin - potassium, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, N-acetylcysteine and statins have been studied as alternative treatment for postoperative AF prophylaxis.el
dc.sourceJournal of Cardiothoracic Surgeryel
dc.subjectAtrial Fibrillationel
dc.subjectBeta - blockersel
dc.titlePharmacologic prophylaxis for atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery: a systematic reviewel
dc.typeJournal (paper)el
dcterms.extentvol 5: 121el
Appears in Collections:Τμήμα Ιατρικής (Δημοσ. Π.Π. σε περιοδικά)

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