Signals for invisible matter from solar - terrestrial observations

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Μαρούδας, Μάριος
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Abstract
The composition of the dark universe although hypothesised, remains one of the biggest mysteries in modern physics. On smaller scales, there are various solar puzzling phenomena which known physics cannot explain like the coronal heating problem, the origin of sunspots, the trigger mechanism of solar flares, but also the open issue since the 1850's on the planetary impact of the active Sun. Interestingly, the 11-year solar cycle remains one of the oldest open questions in solar physics. At the same time, several terrestrial observations in the dynamic Earth's atmosphere such as the ionospheric ionisation around December are unexpected within conventional physics. Following this work, the suggested common solution of all these conventionally unexplained phenomena is based on an external triggering caused by low-speed streaming constituents from the dark sector, being gravitationally focused or deflected by the Sun and the orbiting planets. For this to happen, streams of invisible matter are assumed to exist which should interact with large cross-sections with baryonic matter. Existing favourable candidates from the dark sector include AntiQuark Nuggets, magnetic monopoles and dark photons. Evidence in support of this hypothesis and on the existence of one or more streams or clusters has been provided based on a coincidence analysis of long-term astrophysical and planetary datasets. Of note, the planetary correlation is the novel key signature. By projecting the time of appearance of the measured observables on the orbital position of the various planets including the Moon, a striking clustering shows up. This statistically significant pronounced activity at certain planetary heliocentric longitudes points to preferred directions in the flow of the assumed streams, like probably one from the Galactic Centre. Notably, even stronger planetary correlations occur when the gravitational effect of two or more planets is combined. Some of the results are also supported by Fourier analyses. Additionally, the derived significant narrow periodicity of 27.32 days on most of the observables, which overlaps with the Moon's sidereal Month, strengthens the claim of a significant exo-solar influence. Finally, a redefined strategy for direct Dark Matter searches focused on streaming Dark Matter is proposed. This novel procedure has been successfully implemented in the CAST-CAPP detector at CERN searching for Dark Matter axions.
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Invisible matter, Planetary dependence, Gravitational focusing, Dark matter, Haloscope
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