OpenQuest : designing a motivational framework for MOOCs instruction

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Mystakidis, Stylianos
Herodotou, Christothea
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EADTU
Abstract
This paper introduces an innovative motivational framework for Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) instructional design coined as Open Quest Framework (OpenQuest). OpenQuest aims to improve learning and user engagement in MOOCs by drawing lessons from the success of questbased initiatives, gamified web platforms, and massive-multiplayer online games (MMOs). The framework is grounded on established motivational theories such as the Self-Determination Theory and Situated Motivational Affordance. It supplements existing MOOCs design schemes that usually focus on pedagogy, assessment and technology. It features specific motivational mechanisms including, quests and narration, reputation systems, progression mechanisms, multiple learning pathways, well-designed feedback and social elements, that can be used to enhance learners' engagement and personalize learning.
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Keywords
E-learning, Distance education, Distance learning, Distance education, Gamification, Massive open online courses, Online learning, Motivation
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