Location of hydrogen refueling stations for fuel cell electric vehicles, FCEVs

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Νομικός, Γεώργιος
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The recent concerns on environmental issues accelerate the technological development of Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs), but the deployment still remains at the initial stage mainly because of the lack of refuelling facilities. In general, the term Alternative Fuel Vehicles (AFVs) refers to vehicles such as hydrogen, electric, hybrid-electric, natural gas and bio-fuel vehicles. Various studies have illustrated that the wide use of AFVs with appropriate strategies can contribute to significantly reducing the dependency on fossil fuels, the major contributor of greenhouse gases. The present thesis aims to present a literature review on approaches regarding locating facilities for AFVs and especially on the location of Hydrogen Refuelling Stations (HRS) for Fuel Cells Electric Vehicles (FCEVs). In this direction it is attempted to sum up the most important elements of refuelling station location problems and identify critical factors for seeking the solutions. However due to the fact that BEVs and PHEVs are more mature technologies exhibiting higher market penetration, a big part of the study refers in general to the location problem of such facilities. Nevertheless the basic principles of location modeling are common for all the above technologies.
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs), Alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), Hydrogen refueling stations, Location models, p-median, AIMMS